Types of pastry and bakery products they’re used in

What is a pastry?

Pastry is a versatile branch of bakery items. It includes a huge variety of baking and confectionery products including both sweet and savory. The basic composition for all pastries is flour, water, fats (butter, oils), and eggs. Pastries are differentiated based on the technique.

Types of pastry:

There are five basic types of pastry.

Phyllo (filo) pastry:

Phyllo or filo pastry has middle-eastern and Turkish descent. In Turkish, it is called Yufka and there are records suggesting it was a famous delicacy in Ottoman empire Era. In Topkapi Palace, it was one of the favorite desserts of royalty. Some famous desserts made using Phyllo pastry are:

  • Baklava: it is an Ottoman dessert with layers of phyllo, containing chopped nuts that are sweetened and held together with syrup or honey.
  • Borek: A savory Ottoman filo pie

In phyllo or filo pastry thin layers of dough are brushed with oil or butter and then baked. Filo is used not just middle eastern and Turkish but Greek and Serbian bakery items as well. It is one of the most adaptable form of pastry.

Flaky pastry:

Also called as quick, blitz, and rough puff pastry, it is a light and flaky pastry (as the name suggests). It is also made without any leavening agent but it does contain other ingredients. Flaky pastries are desirable among bakers for their short preparation time. It takes much less time than conventional pastry and is relatively easier to handle.

  • Pasties
  • Turnovers
  • Sausage rolls, and
  • Plaits

Are some of the famous bakery items that are made using flaky pastry.

Shortcrust pastry:

Shortcrust pastry requires more flour and butter as compared to other forms and is mostly used as a base for different baking products such as:

  • Tart
  • Quiche
  • Pie

It is used for both sweet and savory bakery products.

Types of shortcrust pastry:

Shortcrust pastry has four sub types:

  • Pâte à foncer
  • Pâte brisée
  • Pâte sucrée
  • Pâte sablée

Choux pastry:

Choux pastry is made only with butter, water, flour, and eggs. It is a delicacy and doesn’t contain any additives or leavening agents (yeast etc.). Some famous bakery products that use choux pastry are:

  • Profiteroles,
  • croquembouches,
  • Éclairs,
  • religieuses,
  • French crullers,
  • Beignets (fritters)
  • Honoré cake,
  • Parisian gnocchi,
  • Dumpling, and
  • Gougères

Choux pastry is usually baked but sometimes it is fried. Churros and Fritters are examples of use of choux pastry is fried form.

Puff pastry:

Puff pastry is closely related to Middle Eastern Phyllo (filo). It is made from laminated dough and is very light. Despite being light, the preparation of puff pastry requires a lot of time, skill, and technique. For making Puff pastry, butter is put into layers of dough that are repeatedly folded and rolled before baking. It is a painstakingly long process and is essential for getting the texture of the pastry correct.


Samosa is an Indian style pastry. It is also unleavened and is usually filled with Mince, Lentils, Potato, Onions, Or all of it. Spices are added, the internal batter is secured by concealing the dough, and then it is fried. Samosa is one of the most heavenly foods I have ever tried. It is usually eaten with a “Chutney” or “raita”.

Packaging for pastry products:

Almost all the pastry products are fragile, brittle, and prone to breakage. It is important for all bakery businesses to deal with pastry products to invest in high-quality Custom Pastry packaging Boxes. These boxes must protect, preserve, and promote your products. Moreover, packaging must be designed according to the convenience and preferences of your customers.


Adding handles and a baking paper or tissue at the bottom of the box to hold the product in place can increase the value of your pastry boxes significantly. A customer will return to your bakery if their needs for convenience is catered to properly. You need a packaging company that understands and is well versed in modern packaging standards. Gator packaging is one of those companies that provide complete design supports and help you forge THE PERFECT box for your pastry products.

Nutritional information about pastry:

Pastry is not the most healthy food as it is high in sugars and carbs. The pastry is one of those foods that are high in calories but low in nutrition. Due to refined flour and excessive use of butter, pastry has poor nutritional value. Sometimes there are added preservatives, additives, sugar, or artificial sweeteners in pastry products that make them even more harmful for the human body.

American Obesity:

Official CDC data showed that in 2017-2018, 42.4% of Americans were obese which means they had a BMI of 30 or higher. The numbers are predicted to spike in coming years because of unhealthy dietary habits. The reason for this, humans subconsciously detect calories via our receptors in our gastrointestinal tract. Poor nutrition makes us crave more for carbs as the body is not getting enough healthy calories to function. Food is supposed to be nourishment and sustenance; instead, humans have turned it into entertainment. We are supposed to eat for living not to live for eating. Sadly, many Americans eat bakery products i.e. pastries and cakes to fight boredom and feelings of loneliness.

How can we make bakery products healthier?

Short answer… YOU CAN’T

I mean we can try but it’s almost impossible to make pastry healthy due to the amount of butter and refined flour used in its preparation. If you change the flour to whole grain and won’t use as much butter the texture and taste will not be the same.


Indulging in foods like pastries every once in a while is fine but eating it regularly can lead to health issues. When it comes to enjoying bakery and pastry items, moderation is the key.

George Alex