Simple Guide To Competency-Based Education

Competency-based education
What is Competency-based Education?
The first step in competency-based learning is to identify specific competencies or skills. From there, learners can work with a mentor to acquire mastery of each competency or skill at their own speed. A whole collection of competencies can be combined into a full qualification, such as a diploma, certificate, or increasingly a full degree, or learners can create simply the competencies or abilities they believe they need.
What’s the difference between competency-based education and traditional education?

Feature Competency-based education Traditional education
School culture Pupils have an equitable range of learning experiences at school, online, and in the community. Learning happens inside a traditional classroom, with little to no accommodation of pupils’ interests.
Instruction Educators work collectively with community partners and students to develop a unique learning plan. Every classroom has one teacher who designs and delivers instructional programs with very little differentiation.
Assessment System A comprehensive assessment system is a crucial part of the learning system. Assessments at set times to evaluate and classify students.


What are the benefits of Competency-based education?
CBE amalgamates higher-order thinking skills, problem-solving, and interdisciplinary approaches as these are crucial to the modern world and place of work. Alongside emotional and social skills development and developing global literacy and citizenship, the perspective enables pupils to be competent not only in the national context but also in the international labor market.
What are the cons of Competency-based education?
1. Important competencies must be determined and defined for each class, which is strenuous.
2. Evaluation must be more meaningful and creative.
3. Teachers must be constantly acquainted with pupil progress, and thus be ready to jump in and aid a student who doesn’t understand or isn’t on track to graduate at 18.

Main Principles of Competency-Based Education

  1. Equity
    Giving each pupil the same thing as everyone other does not constitute equity. Instead, it is providing each student with the tools they need to achieve the same outcome.
  2. Courses place a strong emphasis on quantifiable capabilities that contribute to the development of life skills.
    Competencies must be determined beforehand and assigned as learning objectives for each student.
    What foundation do these competencies have?
    Competencies measure a student’s practical comprehension of the subject rather than merely their theoretical knowledge of it.
  3. Transparency aids students to take ownership
    What is the ultimate objective for each student in a given class?
    Teachers shouldn’t be the only ones with access to the solution to this query.
    Both students and parents should understand the learning goals established for the class (and the school as a whole).
  4. Individualized support is provided to students.
    Let’s use the student from the aforementioned example who is having trouble with his garden project and realizes that he needs assistance.
    Here is when the issue of instructor availability enters the picture. Students should have a framework to understand how long they should work on an issue before asking for help and when in the class period they can approach the teacher in a competency-based learning setting.

Competency-based education examples
Many schools have already adopted a competency-based education system. Let’s take a look at these three examples to see how they’ve done so, and the results.
Latin School of Chicago
At Latin, competency-based learning is used in foreign language classes to group pupils who are closest in their language abilities. This means pupils of distinct ages may be in the same class since this is where they best fit in abilities, instead of moving automatically from Spanish 1 to Spanish 2 at the end of the year.
Henrico County Public Schools, Virginia
The Portrait of a Graduate project, developed by non-profit Battelle for Kids, has been adopted by myriad schools to develop a clear view of what defines a fortunate high-school graduate.
The Henrico County Public Schools developed a profile on the basis of six diverse features:
1. Quality Character
2. Global Citizen
3. Communicator
4. Critical thinker
5. Creative Thinker
6. Collaborator
Hall-Dale Middle School, Maine
Daniel, who oversees the math curriculum, helps students use their abilities and interests to build their learning skills by implementing competency-based teaching. For instance, one student who was having problems paying attention to the class and comprehending the math principles involved is a huge Pokemon enthusiast. Daniel designed a special assignment for this student based on his own Pokemon cards after learning about the student’s passion. Daniel got the student to work through the issues and show his command of critical math ideas by appealing to his interests.
Conclusion
Competency-based education aids pupils to develop and demonstrate mastery over a topic, builds a culture of equity and inclusivity, and prepares pupils for life beyond the walls of their school.
While this system does present distinctive hurdles for school leadership, the advantages of overcoming those obstacles far outweigh the time spent doing so.
Are you ready to put an educational approach based on competency to force in your school?

Author
Urja Singh