How to Start an NGO in Maharashtra – A Complete Guide

Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) are establishments that are formed for the less privileged sections of society. NGOs agree to projects and execute them with the objective to promote welfare in the community. They work to address several concerns and issues prevailing within society. Before undertaking any business activity, businesses are required to register their company by following the NGO Registration Process in Maharashtra. In this article, certain points that are significant in NGO registration will be discussed.

What are the objectives of Non-Government Organizations?

NGOs are established with several goals. Setting up objectives is important for the organizations as the objectives that are set at the start of the organization function as a guidepost.

  • NGOs play a crucial role to provide support to the poor and the needy people in the country.
  • They operate with the aim of the welfare of society.
  • They work towards the elimination of social issues that exist in society.

After understanding the objectives, we must understand various categories of NGOs.

What are the categories of Non-Government Organizations (NGOs)?

It is important to understand various types of NGOs before taking the decision of NGO Registration. Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) are divided into categories based on three major factors:

What are the categories of Non-Government Organizations (NGOs)?

Types of NGOs by Orientation

  • Charitable Orientation
  • Service Orientation
  • Participatory Orientation
  • Empowering Orientation

Charitable Orientation

The main objective of a charitable orientation is to focus is on the issues related to housing, food, medicines, transport, etc.

Service Orientation

Services Non-Government Organization (NGO) focuses on education, family planning, health services, etc.

Participatory Orientation

Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) with a participatory aspect in them are the ones that involve individuals in taking an active part in short-term projects such as building a school etc.

Empowering Orientation

Empowering orientation works on increasing the awareness of the less privileged about the basic amenities of life. They also help in the creation of a better understanding of their rights as individuals. Social, political, and economic factors are the three major focus points.

Community-based Organizations

Some examples of community-based organizations are women organizations, sports clubs, health clubs, and religious organizations.

  • Citywide Organizations
  • National Non-Government Organization
  • International Non-Government Organization

Types of NGOs by Orientation by the level of operation

  • Community-based Organizations
  • Citywide Organizations
  • National NGOs
  • International NGOs

What are the three categories in which a Non-Government Organization can be started in Maharashtra?

A Non-Government Organization (NGO) can be started as a society, trust, or Section 8 Company. NGOs in Maharashtra work for child welfare, child education, women empowerment, natural resource management, etc.

Below mentioned is the detailed process of the registration process and documents required to set up any of the following NGOs:

What steps are involved in Trust Registration?

Trust registration is a process that involves steps which must be accurately followed by individuals. These steps are as mentioned below:

  • Preparation of the Trust Deed.
  • Selection of a proper name for the Trust.
  • Identification of two trustees and beneficiaries.
  • Preparation of the Memorandum of Association and implementation of a trust deed that contains provisions and clauses.
  • Execution of the Trust Deed on a stamp paper of value on the basis of the value of the property that is assigned to the Trust.
  • The Trust Deed must be agreed upon and signed by individuals who are involved in the business and registered with the Local Registrar of the region.

What documents are required for Trust Registration?

Documents required to be submitted for registering an NGO as a trust are as follows:

  • Details of Trustees such as name, contact information, email address, name of a family member of all the trustees, and photos.
  • Address proofs of trustees including documents such as driving license and passport.
  • Utility bills such as Electricity, house tax, water bill, or ownership proof of the property.
  • If the trust is incorporated on a rented property, rent deed or agreement along with NOC from the landlord on a stamp paper. Other details that must be mentioned are the name of the landlord, the name of a family member, and the address.

What steps are involved in Society Registration?

Below mentioned are certain steps involved in the registration of an NGO as a Society:

  • Selection of a name for the Society.
  • The State Governments are the authority that is responsible for the incorporation of the society.
  • After the proper verification, all the documents, Incorporation Certificate along with an NGO Registration Number is allotted to the applicant.

What documents are required for Society Registration?

  • Cover letter to the Government requesting permission to establish a society
  • Memorandum of Association (MOA) which includes all important details about the company
  • The document which comprises of all the rules and regulations of the Society
  • Names of the members of the Society
  • Office bearer’s Affidavit
  • Residential proofs of members
  • NOC from the landlord or address proof of the rented building.

What steps are involved in Section 8 Company Registration?

  • Selection of a name for the NGO. Spice plus form must be filled for name reservations.
  • Preparation of MOA and AOA of the corporation with certain documents such as Income and Expenditure statement, statement of assets and liabilities, work description.
  • After proper authentication of the application Certificate of Incorporation along with the license will be issued.

Documents required for Section 8 Company Registration

  • PAN and Identity proofs including Passport, driving license, Voter ID) of the promoters/directors
  • Address proof which includes documents such as Telephone Bill, Electricity Bill, Bank Statement
  • Photographs of all the promoters or directors
  • Rent agreement, if the office is situated in a rented building
  • Non-Objection Certificate (NOC) from the owner of the office
  • Utility bills of the registered office
  • Other crucial details of the directors in other company


Starting up an NGO is a process that consists of many steps. It is important for individuals to ensure that they follow all steps and follow all rules and regulations specified by the Government. A Non-Government Organization (NGO) can be started within a few days after registration. From the selection of the type of NGO to the preparation of documents, individuals must ensure all requirements are fulfilled in a proper manner.

Aarohi Singh