Everything you Need to Know Before ICSI Treatment

Another type of assisted reproduction technique is intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). This ICSI treatment can be used for IVF treatment. This is the best artificial treatment for infertility.

What’s ICSI treatment?


The head of the fertilizing sperm must be attached to the egg before a man’s fertilization sperm can be used. Once the sperm is united, it pushes through the outer layers to the inside of an egg (cytoplasm), where fertilization occurs.


Sometimes the egg’s outer layer is too thick or difficult to penetrate, or the sperm may not be able to swim. To fertilize an egg, intracytoplasmic fertilization (ICSI), also known as in vitro fertilization (IVF), can be used. One sperm is injected into the egg’s cytoplasm during ICSI.


ICSI Treatment Process


  1. Egg Retrieval

While the woman is unconscious, the eggs are taken from her. A fine hollow needle is attached to an ultrasound probe to remove eggs from the ovaries.After egg retrieval, there may be some light bleeding or sores.


A progesterone injection will be given to the woman to prepare the uterine lining to receive the egg transfer.


  1. The sperms

When fertilization is scheduled, sperms must be collected the same day. Although some doctors prefer to fertilize sperms that are already frozen, there is no difference in the fertilization of sperm that has been harvested by masturbation.The best sperm is taken, and the semen is cleaned.


  1. Fertilization

For fertilization to take place, one sperm is directly injected into each egg. The egg and sperm are kept together for a while until cell division takes place.After 5 to 6 days, the eggs can be transferred from the laboratory.


  1. Embryo Transfer

The transfer will only be made to the well-developed embryo.A catheter is placed in the cervical cavity while the patient lies on the table.An ultrasound is used to transfer one or two embryos through the catheter and cervix.Your doctor may recommend blastocyst transfer to increase your chances of having a healthy pregnancy. You may also recommend it to have a healthy single baby.


What is the average length of ICSI treatment?

A cycle of ICSI treatment can take between four and six weeks to complete. For the egg and sperm retrieval procedures, you and your partner will spend half a day at the clinic. Usually, you will be asked to return between two and five days later to perform the embryo transfer procedure.


You should be allowed three cycles of IVF with ICSI if you are fewer than 40. If you are between 40-42 years old and have never had IVF before, and you don’t have low egg numbers, one cycle should be offered after a whole discussion about the implications of IVF.


What are the advantages of intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection?


ICSI treatment seems more successful than traditional IVF in helping male infertility patients become parents. Some ICSI centers offer services to all patients, regardless of their infertility diagnosis.


What are the potential risks associated with ICSI?

These complications could occur when ICSI is used

  • During needle penetration, damage to any or all eggs.
  • After sperm injection, an egg won’t fertilize.
  • Embryos stop developing in the laboratory or after embryo transfer.


ICSI’s success rate


It usually depends on the reason for the infertility problem.

  • It is essential to consider the age and health of eggs. This means that the greater the success rate for pregnancy, the better. The success rates depend on the age of the female.
  • If one is between 34 and 36 years old, there’s a 43 percent chance.
  • 39% for those aged 35-37
  • Age 38-39: 30%
  • 22 % for those aged 40-43
  • Conventional IVF techniques increase the success rate of ICSI treatment.



ICSI treatment is a first option that offers higher fertility, maximizes embryo count, and minimizes the chance of failure for any cases requiring in vitro fertilization.