Classification of plants and their optimal Usage

The world is facing the problem of global warming and pollution. In order to reduce these, it is suggested to grow more plants and trees which release oxygen. Many kinds of pollutants, like chemicals and harmful gases, are removed from the air by plants. Plants are also the central part of the food chain because they provide food to humans and many animals.

These days, people have started caring about the environment and are trying to decrease the pollution level. They now burn fewer crackers as compared to past years. Along with all these practices, they should also grow more plants and trees; however, they must know distinct kinds of plants so that they can have plants according to the space in their homes. There is also a trend of growing a tree on birthdays. People also do not let the governments cut the trees, as in the case of array forest protests in Mumbai.

According to the place of living, they can be divided into two categories.

OUTDOOR PLANTS 

Plants that require direct sunlight and can grow in outdoor areas are called outdoor plants. Mostly big plants are grown outside like trees as these can have enough space to flourish as well. Many of them also need water regularly as they grow under the bright sun. Some garden plants also bear fruit, and most of them bloom flowers also.

INDOOR PLANTS 

It has become a fashion of growing houseplants among those people who have limited areas in their homes. These are the plants that are grown indoors, so are known as indoor plants. These are generally small plants and require fewer places to grow. Some of them have health benefits like Aloe Vera. These do not bear fruit, but some of them can have blossomed. Having a busy schedule, people in big cities mostly do online shopping as they do not want to waste their time in traffic & crowds. Likewise, they do online shopping for indoor plants.

Plants are also classified into five groups as per their size, which is mentioned below.

Herbs

These are very small in size and can live for a few months. Mint, oregano, turmeric, coriander, ginger, aloe Vera, mustard, etc. are herbs. Their stem is thin and soft. These are used in dishes as spices and are also used in Ayurveda. These are considered useful for treating many health problems like cough, cold, digestion problems, etc. Turmeric is used for treating wounds or injuries. These can be grown in the shade, so these are indoor plants

Shrubs 

These plants are more massive than herbs and can live for a long time. Tulsi, rose, ladyfinger, cotton, etc. are shrubs. They are more robust than herbs as they have tiny woody branches. These can be planted in small pots or even gardens.

Trees 

Trees are big plants which live for many years. Some trees have many branches and give shade in summers like neem, banyan, oak, etc. Palm trees have no branches like coconut, banana, etc. Some trees like mango trees and orange trees bear fruits. Some trees are so tall in size like those in hilly areas. Trees are so big to fit in houses so are outdoor plants. These also need direct sunlight and regular watering. Many birds make their nests and live on trees. Trees in forests provide shelter to many animals. When trees are cut down, many animals lose their homes and start entering residential areas

Climbers

Plants that can climb the trees and other tall things. These are vines that need some kind of support to grow as these have weak stems. Money plants and grapevines are familiar climbers who are grown mostly in homes.

Creepers

The stem of these plants is so weak to stand even with any support so they creep and crawl along the ground to be called creepers. Pumpkin is a standard creeper grown in kitchen gardens.

They should be planted according to the required conditions. If you have a big garden, you can even grow trees and other big plants which can be grown outdoors. You can order plants online from online nurseries, and they take care of things that plants do not get damaged on the way.

Author
Akshita Vohra